Hyperlipidemia exercise therapy

Hyperlipidemia exercise therapy:

During exercise, the secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine increases, which can increase the activity of lipoprotein lipase, thereby reducing the levels of TG and LDL-C, and increasing the level of HDL-C. The exercise prescription includes 5 basic elements: exercise type, exercise intensity, duration of exercise, time of exercise implementation, and frequency of exercise implementation.

Hyperlipidemia exercise therapy
Hyperlipidemia exercise therapy

The principle of exercise therapy is to individualize the approach. Aerobic exercise is advocated, and the appropriate target heart rate is gradually explored based on each person’s exercise tolerance. Physical exercise should adopt a step-by-step approach, not rushing into it, exceeding their own adaptive capacity, and increasing the burden on the heart. The amount of exercise should be determined by the absence of subjective symptoms (such as palpitations, dyspnea, or angina pectoris, etc.).

Therapeutic exercise must be performed with sufficient intensity and consistency. Only by reaching a certain exercise volume can it produce beneficial effects on serum lipids and reduce the weight of obese individuals.

The exercise methods should emphasize respiratory movements, such as brisk walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, and playing tennis. These exercises put a certain amount of stress on the cardiopulmonary system, thereby improving its health. Brisk walking at a speed of 6.4 km/h for 1 hour will consume 1.67 kilojoules of energy. Daily participation in such exercise can lead to weight loss. However, the intensity and duration of the exercise should be gradually increased after a few weeks. For obese and sedentary individuals, the exercise intensity and duration should also be gradually increased after a few months, as high-intensity physical activity can result in greater weight loss.

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