What should middle-aged and elderly people pay attention to in the process of chronic disease rehabilitation?

1.chronic disease rehabilitation

① Pleasing the heart and nourishing the nature, and doing a good job in spiritual recuperation. The road of life is bumpy, especially after entering the old age, because social roles, interpersonal relationships, health conditions, personality and emotions will change. If you can not grasp your psychology well, you will often have loneliness, depression, loss, inferiority complex and other negative psychology. Whether the elderly can maintain a good personality, optimism and cheerful mood in their later years is of great significance for rehabilitation.

Pleasing to the heart refers to a happy mood and a happy spirit; Cultivating one’s nature is to cultivate one’s temperament, so that one’s temper can be turned into softness and peace. Pleasing the heart and nourishing the nature is an important aspect of spiritual recuperation.

What should middle-aged and elderly people pay attention to in the process of chronic disease rehabilitation
What should middle-aged and elderly people pay attention to in the process of chronic disease rehabilitation

② Pay attention to diet. Generally speaking, for patients with hypertension, diet should be light and less salty, vegetarian and less meat, and alcohol and tea; For stroke patients, it is advisable to eat more vegetables, fruits and beans and less animal fat in the diet. It is enough to advocate a slight satiety in the diet process, while sugar diet control is conducive to the recovery of patients after stroke and the prevention of other diseases.

At the same time, it is also advisable to advocate a high protein diet, such as bean products, egg white, lean meat and various fish; At ordinary times, we should pay attention to eating less animal heart, intestine, brain, egg yolk, fish roe and other foods with high cholesterol. The diet of diabetic patients should be strictly controlled, otherwise it will aggravate the condition and cause many complications. Diabetics should eat low sugar, low fat, high protein and high fiber foods, often eat bean products, peaches, pears, pineapples, bayberry, cherries and other fruits, and often eat hypoglycemic black sesame, scallions and carrots.

Bitter gourd, grapefruit and water spinach are ideal foods for diabetics; For the diet of patients with liver disease, we think that we should pay attention to letting patients with liver disease understand the basic nutrition knowledge, and the most important thing is to let patients with liver disease maintain a strong appetite, match home-made food with China’s rich and colorful medicinal diet, and it is appropriate to eat 80% full of each meal.

At the same time, we should pay attention to that patients with liver disease should not eat a lot of sugar, and should strictly avoid alcohol; For patients with nephritis, we advocate eating a high-quality low protein diet and avoiding salt at the same time. Salt aversion is not absolutely forbidden. If patients feel that the food is tasteless and affects their appetite, they can choose salt substitutes to adjust their taste. There are two commonly used salt substitutes: salt free soy sauce and light autumn stone.

In short, different chronic diseases, when determining different dietary spectrum, to ensure the rehabilitation of the disease.

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